Includes the didactic activity booklet Machines from Leonardo da Vinci.
Use in classes addressing the following topics:
Science, Engineering, History, Fundamentals of Physics, Art, Simple Machinery.
Specific concepts addressed with this set:
Mechanical Wings--learn about Leonardo’s study of bird’s wings and the pattern of their movement, and how he applied these findings to try to achieve flight. Build a model of the mechanical wing.
Blacksmith’s Tongs—learn how Leonardo’s invention improved upon the original blacksmith’s tool by both increasing tension force and saving energy. Build a model of the blacksmith’s tong’s and find ways this could still be a useful tool today.
Crane with Pawl—use of pawl mechanism to improve safety of cranes with heavy loads—explore it’s function by building a working model.
Stone Tongs with Self Releasing Hook--build a model of this invention and experiment with how this labor saving device functions.
Catapult—build a working model to explore Leonardo’s use of a quick tensioning device and release catch in one along with a worm gear.
Chariot—learn how Leonardo’s use of gears and centrifugal force revolutionized this device, and build a working model.
Scaling Ladder—originally used in the Middle Ages as an implement of war, Leonardo’s innovations both helped to improve stability and increased the weight load this could bear. This invention is the precursor of the modern turntable ladder which is still used today, for example on fire trucks.
Drum Wagon—used in parades and for warfare. Build a working model to learn how it functions.
File Cutting Machine—equipment that can beat indentations into a file blank automatically. This invention of daVinci’s can be seen as the basis of modern industrial manufacturing. Build a working model to understand and study it’s function. Students are then asked to improve the machine by installing a safety mechanism.
Swing Bridge—build a working model to understand and study it’s function.
“Standards for Technological Literacy”as developed by the International Technology Education Association (ITEA):
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